Yeast is an infection in the genital area, which may be accompanied by itching and vaginal discharge. Mostly the yeast fungus Candida albicans is the cause. What helps this problem then? Today we will review the types of yeast infections and cure. Let’s take a look together from below.
Types of yeast infections: What is vaginal fungus?
TyVaginal fungus is a fungal infection in the genital area, in which primarily vulvar (outer genital area) and vagina (vagina) inflame – therefore also called vulvovaginal candidiasis. The most common pathogen is the yeast fungus Candida albicans. In addition, although less common, other species such as Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis can lead to an infection.
Fungal infections in the genital area occur in both women and men and are contagious. Especially with unprotected intercourse, they can be transmitted. In man, the glans and foreskin are usually affected, which manifests itself in a balanitis (inflammation of the foreskin and glans).
Types of yeast infections: Review article
Fungi often colonize skin and mucous membranes, so they belong to the normal flora of women and men. However, they do not cause discomfort when they live in a natural balance with other microorganisms, for example, the lactic acid bacteria in the vagina. They are also kept at bay by the immune system.
However, if the healthy flora of the clock, the mushrooms can multiply. Typical symptoms of fungal disease include redness and swelling of the affected areas. In addition, the woman often has a burning in the vagina, itching and a creamy to friable discharge. Pain during intercourse may also occur.
Types of yeast infections: Causes and risk factors of vaginal fungus
In particular, yeasts such as Candida albicans – rarely also Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis – cause fungal infections in the genital area. Like all mushrooms, they love a warm, moist environment. Candida species can form spores and survive in unfavorable living conditions. In this condition, they do not cause any problems.
The fungi either directly colonize the skin and mucous membrane of the vagina, oral cavity or glans, or they get there via the gastrointestinal tract. Mostly they live there with other microorganisms in the balance. For example, the vagina mainly colonizes lactic acid bacteria. They produce lactic acid, creating an acidic environment: the pH of the vagina is usually below 4.5. Together with the immune system, this prevents the yeast fungus from multiplying excessively.
For more information about the types of yeast infections in women, stay tuned us.